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Ancient Grave of Chen Yung-hua

The ancient grave of General Chen Yung-hua is located atop Datan Mountain ridge at the southeastern side of Guoyihou in Liouying District. The east-facing grave is shaded by an im-pressive grove and blessed with a serene landscape. Chen Yung-hua (courtesy name Fu Fu) was a native of Tong An County of Cuanjhou Fu in Fujian Province. Chen was nomi-nated as a reserve Diziyuan (equivalent to the Siucai rank in the Imperial Examination system). He later abandoned his ranking to study military strategy. In addition to his thorough understanding of the Confucian classics, Chen also became well-versed in the Art of War in Sun Tzu's as well as Wu Zi's schools. Chen was also known for his amicable nature as well as his filial piety. Prince Jheng Cheng-gong of Yanping was very impressed with Chen's skills and recruited him as a military advisor, and later appointed Chen as a personal tutor to his son Jheng Jing. Jheng Cheng-gong passed away on the 5th Month in the 16th Year of Emperor Yongli, with Jheng Jing succeeding his father's position. Chen was thus promoted to the rank of Chief Military Advisor and was charged with draft-ing all regulations and policies in the land. His works benefited all aspects of society, with many people regarding him as Kong Ming (the famous strategist during the Three Kingdoms Era) of his time. Chen was then promoted to the rank of Governor General and was put in charge of Dongning, training soldiers, pacifying the locals, and improving the Tuntian system (mili-tary farming system) to encourage people to settle in the wil-derness. As a result of his work, people remembered him as the best bureaucrat of the Crown Prince. Chen Yung-hua passed away in the 7th Month in the 34th Year of Emperor Yongli. His descendants laid him to rest with his wife Lady Hong at Chihshanbao at Singjhou (modern day Guoyihou). Soon after the Cing Dynasty took over Taiwan, Chen Yung-hua and his wife's remains were moved to Nan An County of Fujian Province. The grave at Guoyi Village thus no longer housed the remains of the famous general. The grave was gradually over-grown after many years. It was not until 1929 that the original headstone was found in a thicket of wild grass (according to the oral history of local elders, the tombstone was once moved to Lioujia to be used as a bridge over an irrigation canal). The headstone was thus moved to the original site which was then restored and preserved accordingly. The tombstone measures 1 meter tall and 1 meter wide, and is about 20 cm thick, and exhibits the following texts in Kai script: "Huang Ming Zeng Zishan Dafu Jhengjhih Shangcing Duchayuan Zuoduyushih Shi-wenjheng Chen Gong ji Furen Shuzhen Hongshi Zhi Mu" (Grave of Lord Chen and his wife Lady Shujhen of the Hong Clan - Da-fu and High Lord of Jhengjhih and Left Commandant of the Su-pervisory Hall as granted by the Ming Dynasty).

Ancient Grave of Chen Yung-hua
Ancient Grave of Chen Yung-hua

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