Neighborhood Introduction
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Neighborhood Introduction

Famous Locals

Liou Kun-huang
Liou Kun-huang (courtesy name Deyan) was born in the 2nd Year of Cing Emperor Cianfeng (1852). Liou was extremely studious and respectful to his parents during his youth. He later gained the Impe-rial Examination rank of Siucai in the 1st Year of Cing Emperor Guangsyu (1875), and became a Bu Binsheng (reserve exam candi-date) in the 7th year. Liu was awarded with a badge of local gentry elite in the 31st Year of the Japanese Emperor Meiji (24th Year of Cing Emperor Guangsyu, 1898). Liou also participated in pacifying local bandits, and was selected as the Chief of the Chamuying Zhuang in the 34th Year of the Japanese Emperor Meiji (27th Year of Cing Emperor Guangsyu, 1901). In the 4th Year of the Japanese Emperor Taisho (1915), Liou was promoted as the District Chief, a post from which he resigned in the 9th Year of the Japanese Emper-or Taisho (1920) due to changes of local administration systems. Liu passed away in the same year.
Liou Kun-huang was known for his honesty, sincerity, and dedica-tion to his duty. He was able to acquire trust from his superiors and support from his subordinates. While serving as the administrator of Dechang Gong (Dechang Temple), Liu promoted harmony between fellow clans people and performed many charitable acts and donated generously, benefiting the region and winning the respect of many. In his later years, Liou constructed a brick house to provide for his descendants. Liou left behind 270 Jia (about 270 hectares) of land and six sons when he passed away in 1920, making him one of the four wealthiest individuals in the Liou Clan. ‬


Liou Ming-dian
Liou Ming-dian was born in the 34th Year of the Japanese Emper-or Meiji (1901) and studied in Japan during his youth. His alma mater included the Kyoto Doshisha Junior and Senior High School as well as Tokyo Foreign Languages College (modern day Tokyo University of Foreign Studies) where he studied the German lan-guage. Liou traveled to Germany in the 9th Year of the Japanese Emperor Taisho (1920) and pursued graduate studies in the Uni-versity of Berlin, obtaining his PhD degree in the 2nd Year of the Japanese Emperor Showa (1927) before returning to Taiwan in the same year. Liou was also Taiwan's first scholar of Marxism. In the 5th Year of the Japanese Emperor Showa (1930), Liou Ming-dian, despite being a landlord, criticised the unfair sugar plantation and colonial policies enforced by the Japanese in Taiwan. He was deeply embroiled in the case known as Shengengli Incident with Ensuiko Seitou (Ensuiko Sugar Refining Incorporated) and was arrested twice for his involvement. After the February 28th inci-dent, Liou Ming-dian signed a joint petition with Sie Si-ciou and other like-minded scholars to President Chiang Kai-shek that con-demned the actions of the Kuomintang. Liou then started openly corresponding with Kuo Mo-jo and Liao Cheng-chih of Com-munist China and made many personal visits to China as well. Li-ou even recommended establishing a pro-Communist China Tai-wan Peace Promotion Association in Japan. Such actions labeled Liou as a radical and extremist. His property and assets in Taiwan were confiscated as a result. However, Liou refused an invitation from Communist China to live on the Mainland. Liou spent his fi-nal years in Japan, hardly involved in any political affairs, spend-ing most of his time alone composing books and poems. Liou passed away in Japan in 1978.‬

 

Liou Chi-siang
Liou Chi-siang was born on 3rd February in the 43rd Year of the Japanese Emperor Meiji (1910) at Chamuying (modern Liouying) at Sinying Ken of Tainan. Being born into a rich family, Liou was able to receive good education. Liou's ancestors included govern-ment officials and was thus subject to a strict and vigorous up-bringing. His father also hired an in-house art tutor in order to in-spire his dreams of becoming an artist. Liou Chi-siang traveled to Japan to perfect his art skills when he was 13, studying at Aoyama Gakuin high school division where he gained basic knowledge and sketching techniques for art. In the 14th Year of the Japanese Em-peror Showa (1939), Liu enrolled himself in the art department of Bunka Gakuin (cultural institute) in Tokyo to study western art. In the 7th Year of the Japanese Emperor Showa (1932), Liou trav-eled to France to study art with Yang San-lang. It was there that they met Yen Shui-long and started their careers as impressionist painters, traveling throughout Europe as they honed their artistic skills. After living in France for four years, Liou returned to Li-ouying in the 9th Year of Emperor Showa (1934). Liou served in the inspection committee for Provincial Exhibit and Taiyang Ex-hibit. In 1952, Liu established the Kaohsiung Art Studies Associa-tion, the earliest art association in southern Taiwan. In 1966, Li-ou's artwork titled Alishan Richu (rising sun at Alishan Mountain) and Yan (rock) became representative artworks displayed at the Kaohsiung City Council building. In 1977, Liou fell ill with thrombosis. After his recovery, Liou made subtle changes to his artistic approaches while moving to Siaopingding located in Dashu Township of Kaohsiung County (modern day Dashu Dis-trict of Kaohsiung City), creating artworks for his own personal amusement and earning his position as one of the leading masters of Taiwanese art. Liou Chi-siang passed away on 20 April, 1998.

 

Liou Gu‭
Liou Gu was born on 27th August in the 33rd Year of the Japa-nese Emperor Meiji (1900). His father was Liou Wang, and the family's ancestry hailed from Pinghe County of Jhangjhou in Fu-jian Province. Liou Gu was adopted by Liou Pin, a wealthy gentry of Liouying, when he was 5. After graduating from Liouying pub-lic school, Liou Gu traveled to Jimei, Siamen, where he studied poetry and composition from Liou Hsien-chih, a Siucai (a rank in the Imperial Examination system) of the area. Liou Pin passed away when Liou Gu was still young. Liou Li-Zao, Liou Pin’s widow, was worried that the 300 Jia (almost 300 hectares) of land they inherited would be divided up by other relatives. She thus en-couraged Liou Gu to study martial arts. In the 2nd Year of the Japanese Emperor Showa (1927), the widow employed Master Rui, Lin De-shun, as a personal tutor (offering him a payment worth 2.5 hectares of land as well as attendants and servants) for Liou Gu. Liou Gu studied for five years under Master Lin, gaining the true essence of the Shihecuan (Feeding Crane Style) boxing. Later, Liou Gu was employed by the gentry elites of Sinying Dis-trict to establish a martial arts training hall next to Wanggong Mi-ao (Wanggong Temple) at Sinying City. Liou's disciples came from all over Tainan County, and they helped to cement the foun-dations of Taiwan's own Feeding Crane Style. Liou Gu took a wife when he was 20 years old, and had 3 sons named Sungshan, Yinshan, and Taishan. Despite his martial arts mastery, Liou never injured anyone and was known as an avid consumer of Oolong tea. The locals honored him with a title of Gushe. Liou passed away in his former residence from an asthmatic affliction on 31 May, 1985.


Wu Chin-huai‭
Wu Jin-huai, a much honored elder of Liouying District, was born in Renhe Village on 8 June, 1916. After graduating from Liouying public school in 1928, Wu traveled to Japan and studied at Rikkyo High School. Wu fell in love with classical guitar during his 3rd year in high school. After graduating from Rikkyo High School, Wu Jin-huai's second eldest brother Wu Jin-Yi (then a practicing doctor in Japan) made arrangements for him to study medicine at Keio University. However, Wu Jin-huai remained passionate about music, and instead enrolled himself in Nihon Kayo Gakuin (Japanese Songs and Ballads Institution). In February, 1957, Wu Jin-huai finally returned home to Taiwan for the first time after leaving his homeland at the age of 12. In the same year, Wu accompanied his friend for an outdoors excursion at Guanzailing in Baihe Town (modern day Baihe District). After return-ing to Japan, he composed a song titled Guanzailing Jhih Lian (Love at Guanzailing). Guanzailing Jhih Lian was extremely meaningful in Taiwanese pop music. With the exception of Gulianhua (One-sided Love) and Ciuyuan (Autumn Angst), there was hardly any other popu-lar Taiwanese songs from that time. Hence, Guanzailing Jhih Lian could be regarded as a classical masterpiece of Taiwanese pop music. In 1959, Wu Jin-huai and Yeh Jyun-lin jointly composed Andan de Yue (The Dark Moon). Wu's talents became recognised in Taiwanese pop music, allowing him to achieve a certain degree of fame. In 1965, Wu Jin-huai and his wife Kao Yu-hung returned to Taiwan. To help talented singers and to improve the overall standards of Taiwanese pop music, Wu Jin-huai established a Wu Jin-huai Music Studies Associa-tion at the American Embassy (modern day Jhongsiao West Road). In 1985, Wu suffered from a minor stroke caused by a microvascular dis-ease. This affliction led to gradual deterioration of his health. In 1986, Wu began to be influenced by Christian teachings. Under the guidance of his eldest brother Wu Jhen-sheng and Luo Yu (mother of Hong Rong-hong), Wu was finally baptized as a Christian on 23 December, 1990 at Chengguang Church in Taipei. On 12 May, 1991, Wu Jin-huai was hospitalised for chronic pneumonia. His situation worsened at 10AM on 21 May, 1991, and he passed away at MacKay Hospital at Tamsui. Mr. Wu's final resting place was a Christian cemetery next to a public road at Baihe Township in Tainan County (modern day Baihe District of Tainan City). Throughout his creative career, Mr. Wu has composed over 200 classical songs such as Guanzailing Jhih Lian, Andan de Yue, Ke Ai de Huaruei (the cute blossom), Yueniang Banping Yuan (The Moon Lady Shows Only Half Her Face), and Wuyuehua (Blossoms in May). His later works such as Ciasiang Yeshi Ni Yiren (Only thinking about you), Aicing de Liliang (power of love), Liouyue Gecai Jiayousin (June vegetable harvests, and pretense of love), Jia Budui Ren (Married the wrong person), Busiangyi (Not miss-ing you), and Jiang Shemo Shanmeng Haishih (Promises mean noth-ing) are also extremely famous classical pieces that achieved their re-spective moments of fame. Mr. Wu can thus be regarded as a key character responsible for the successful establishment of the Taiwan-ese pop music genre..‬